Sugar and spice and all things nice
According to the nursery rhyme little girls are made of 'sugar and spice and all things nice' whereas little boys are made of 'Snips and snails and puppy dogs tails'. Other versions say 'slugs and snails and puppy dogs tails' or 'Frogs and snails...'. (Must have been a woman who wrote that one.) No matter how much little girls wish it the rhyme just isn't true.
So what exactly are we made of? Let's take a look at Mr Average: 38 years old, 5' 9" and weighing 79.83 Kg (179 lb)
61% of Mr Average is oxygen. It weighs 49 Kg (107lb) and as a gas it would occupy a volume of 34,000 litres (1,200 cubic feet) That's enough to keep an average person breathing for 68 days. Most of the oxygen is found in the water which makes up 55% of the bodies mass.
23% of Mr Average is carbon. It weighs 18.24 Kg (40lb). That's about 6 bags if you want to have a BBQ.
10% of Mr Average is hydrogen. It weighs 7.98 Kg (17.6lb) and as a gas would take up 89,400 litres (3,160 cubic feet). In a balloon it would be capable of lifting 220 lb.
2.6% of Mr Average is nitrogen, mostly in the proteins of his body. It weighs 2.08 Kg (4.6lb) and would make enough fertilizer to cover 1/5th of an acre
1.4% of Mr Average is calcium. That's 1.12Kg (2.5lb). It's found in bones and teeth, is important for membrane function, nerve impulses, muscle contractions, and blood clotting. Converted to plaster it would be enough to cover 3 square feet of wall.
1.1% of Mr Average is phosphorus, 878g (1.931b). It's found in bones and teeth, nucleic acids and is important in providing you with energy. It's enough to make about 500 boxes of matches.
0.2% of Mr Average is potassium, 160g (5.6oz). It's important for proper membrane function, nerve impulses, and muscle contractions. Since potassium perchlorate is also used in making matches there's enough in Mr Average to make 160 boxes.
0.2% of Mr Average is Sulphur, 160g (5.6oz). Its found in fats, bones and proteins. there's enough sulphur in Mr Average to make the sulphuric acid for 50 car batteries.
0.14% of Mr Average is sodium, 112g (4oz). It's mostly in body fluids. That's enough to make salt to put on about 1000 bags of fries.
0.12% of Mr Average is chlorine, 96g. (3.4oz) It's important for membrane function and water absorption. The chloride ion is the major anion in body fluids and it's essential in digesting food. There's enough to make several bottles of bleach or as pure chlorine gas it would occupy a volume of 30 litres - enough to kill Mr Average several times.
0.027% of Mr Average is magnesium, 21.6g: It's needed in enzymes, for bone formation and in using energy. Converted into antacid tablets you'd get 120.
0.006% of Mr Average is iron, almost 5g (0.1oz) It's needed in the blood to transport oxygen. There's enough in Mr Average to make a 2½ inch nail.
0.0037% of Mr Average is fluorine, 3g. That's enough to make 660 tubes of fluoride toothpaste and more than enough to kill Mr Average if taken all in one go.
0.0033% of Mr Average is zinc, 2.6g. It's found in enzymes. There's enough zinc in Mr Average to galvanize 74 square centimetres of steel on both sides.
0.0014% of Mr Average is silicon, 1.1g. It appears to help bones absorb calcium. That amount of silicon is found in ½ teaspoon of sand.
Rubidium and Strontium together make up about 1g of Mr Average. Rubidium seems to help the body select between sodium and potassium ions and strontium helps in the formation of bones. There's not enough of either to colour a firework.
There's about .3g of bromine (about 1 drop) in Mr Average. No-one is quite sure what it's function is.
There's about 0.1g of lead in Mr Average. In the past this was thought to be of no use and only harmful. Today a trace amount is believed to be necessary. That amount is enough to make one piece of birdshot.
Mr Average contains 0.08g of copper. Its used to make haemoglobin (in blood) and melanin (what colours your hair and suntan). That amount of copper could fit in a cube 2mm (1/13th inch) square.
There's enough aluminium in Mr Average, 0.07g, to make a piece of thick kitchen foil 7cm (2¾ inches) square. A tiny amount is needed in our bodies as a catalyst.
There's 0.06g of cadmium in Mr Average. It's found in some enzymes. Too much will kill painfully
The remaining elements in Mr Average are in vanishingly small quantities. So here they are in a table
|iodine||0.000029%||0.023||Enough to make 3500 cuts sting!|
|tin||0.000029%||0.023||Enough to tin plate a tomato puree can|
|nickel||0.000021%||0.017||You would need about 75 Mr Averages to make a US nickel|
|mercury||0.0000086%||0.0068||About as big an amount as the head of a pin|
|molybdenum||0.0000071%||0.0057||Enough to make a small 6v light bulb (or at least the wires that hold the filament in place)|
|gold||0.00000029%||0.00023||Enough to make one tiny gold chain link worth 0.6¢|